What is the Church? 10 Things the Bible Says About the Church
Over the past several years of seminary work I have had the privilege of studying the church. There are a lot of different answers to that question (just look how many different churches there are in this country). Yesterday was our first open-air outdoor worship service at our Cornerstone Lee-Scott site. Not because we all wanted to sit in the sun and fry, but because they were refinishing the hard wood floors in the basketball gym where we worship, but it ended up being a fantastic service, and a great reminder to all of us what exactly we mean when we say we are "going to church." Today our churches can be places that become so internalized with our own events and "church life" we don't even realize we have stopped living out Matthew 28:16-20. So yesterday, as we sat out in the heat, we got a good reminder that church is not a building, or a gym, or a place to "go," but a people we serve with.
I think those in my generation and older are still quite set that we "go to church" at a church building, and that was just never the case with the New Testament Church. Our site pastor, Josh Agerton, gave a very appropriate message on this very topic, to discuss what misconceptions we bring to the word "ekklesia." This word, ekklesia, meaning local church, was established by Christ Himself (Matt. 16:18), and then we see it in action for the first time in Acts 1:12 when Matthias was chosen to replace Judas.
I love that our particular church is willing to do things like worship in a gym, or outside on a hot day, to better reach our community for Christ. Our culture today tends to the Bible with tradition, and personal preference, to create these glorious buildings we can go hide in from cradle to grave in some cases. Clearly, God's plan is that born again Christians be a part of a local church. Nowhere in the New Testament, after the institution of the local church was established, do you find believers serving God outside the authority or rule of the local church.
So what are a few things the bible says about the church? This top ten list below is no where near a complete and total list, nor is it compiled into any specific symmetry, but it does show what the Bible says about the Church. Notice there are a TON of things the Bible doesn't say the church should that we have made it out to be (but that is a whole different post).
10 Things the Bible Says About the Church
- The Bible is the Sole Authority There is no only authority for the New Testament church other than that of Scripture for the faith and practice of a True New Testament Church. (2 Timothy 3:16-17; 2 Peter 1:20-21; John 5:39 and many others).
- Believers are Instructed Not to Forsake Meeting Together If a believer is not part of a local church, whatever form that takes today, is in disobedience to God's word. Scripture clearly teaches we are to meet or "assemble" with each other periodically. When the church meets, we should be there to support it (Hebrews 10:24-25).
- Believers are to be Under the Leadership of the Pastor and Church This is so difficult for us today, especially in the U.S.A. where we are told we are our own authority in everything we do. We are supposed submit to the authority of the church, and be lead by it's leadership (Acts 20:28; 13:2).
- The New Testament Church is Only Made Up of Saved Individuals This is clearly indicated in Scripture as well. The church body is not made up of secular people as with any other civil club, members are believers, that's it (Acts 2:41, 47).
- The New Testament Church Has Only Two Ordinances The Lord's Supper and Baptism, which are not sacraments, are the only two ordinances called for in Scripture (Acts 2:41-42). We have a lot of other traditions and things that take place in the church, but these are the only two ordinances Scriptures calls for.
- All Believers are Placed in the Local Church upon their Baptism (Acts 1:15; 2:47)
- Believers are to Learn Doctrine in the Local Church For those of us who love to learn Scripture, here we go, but our culture today is moving more and more towards an anti-intellectualism, which is no more Biblical than forsaking the widows and orphans. This also means the local church is supposed to TEACH doctrine as well (Eph. 4:11-16; 1 Corinthians 12; 2 Timothy 4:1-4; Matthew 16:18; Ephesians 5:25; Acts 20:28).
- A Believer's Responsibility to Missions as part of a Local Church A believer ought to be a part of supporting missions through their local church. The clear New Testament example is that it was the local church which sent forth missionaries. No church has the authority to delegate this responsibility to anyone else which would include mission boards, conventions, or any agency outside the local congregation (Acts 15:3, 20:38, 21:5, Rom. 15:24, 1 Cor. 16:6,11, 2 Cor. 1:16, Titus 3:13, 3 John 6).
- If One Member Suffers All Suffer With Them The local church is the support center of people to surround the believer in good times and in bad (1 Corinthians 12:26).
- Believers are Given the Responsibility and Privilege of Supporting the Local Church Financially There are probably more ways to get out of this than there are ways to count, but Scripture clearly says we are to financially support our local church, and it says this clearly and unequivocally that we are to give money to our local church, even Abraham did this. (1 Cor. 16:1-2, 2 Cor. 8-9)